Knowledgebase Q(uerry) equals 1945 to 1963

Following WWII that had destabilized Colonial Powers as a world nations were occupied territories a post war fight emerged for the new world map. Long held by Great Brittian and China fought for Indochina the area East of the Indian Ocean the ocean south of India.

The Bamboo Curtian or Bamboo Wall against Communist China.

Harry S. Truman retrieved from Wikipedia and copied or modified to here

33rd President of the USA two terms 1949-1953

Assuming the presidency after Roosevelt’s death and just before the atomic bombs were described to him and ordered used by him , Truman implemented the Marshall Plan in the wake of World War II to rebuild the economy of Western Europe and established both the Truman Doctrine and NATO to contain the expansion of Soviet communism. He proposed numerous liberal domestic reforms, but few were enacted by the conservative coalition that dominated the Congress.

An Democrat Party member who despised Nazim, Communism, and Graft in the public sector.

Truman Committee

In late 1940, Truman traveled to various military bases. The waste and profiteering he saw led him to use his chairmanship of the Committee on Military Affairs Subcommittee on War Mobilization to start investigations into abuses while the nation prepared for war. A new special committee was set up under Truman to conduct a formal investigation; the White House supported this plan rather than weather a more hostile probe by the House of Representatives. The main mission of the committee was to expose and fight waste and corruption in the gigantic government wartime contracts.

Truman’s initiative convinced Senate leaders of the necessity for the committee, which reflected his demands for honest and efficient administration and his distrust of big business and Wall Street. Truman managed the committee “with extraordinary skill” and usually achieved consensus, generating heavy media publicity that gave him a national reputation.

Roosevelt’s advisors knew that Roosevelt might not live out a fourth term and that his vice president would very likely become the next president. [Truman was selected]

Harry S. Truman[b] (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States, serving from 1945 to 1953. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as a United States senator from Missouri from 1935 to 1945 and briefly as the 34th vice president in 1945 under Franklin D. Roosevelt. Assuming the presidency after Roosevelt’s death, Truman implemented the Marshall Plan in the wake of World War II to rebuild the economy of Western Europe and established both the Truman Doctrine and NATO to contain the expansion of Soviet communism. He proposed numerous liberal domestic reforms, but few were enacted by the conservative coalition that dominated the Congress.

In the primary for the Congressiponal run Truman defeated Congressmen John J. Cochran and Jacob L. Milligan with the solid support of Jackson County, which was crucial to his candidacy. Also critical were the contacts he had made statewide in his capacity as a county official, member of the Freemasons,[c] military reservist,[d] and member of the American Legion.

In the general election, Truman defeated incumbent Republican Roscoe C. Patterson by nearly 20 percentage points in a continuing wave of pro-New Deal Democrats elected during the Great Depression.

After his election to the U.S. Senate, Truman was transferred to the General Assignments Group, a holding unit for less active officers, although he had not been consulted in advance.[67] Truman protested his reassignment, which led to his resumption of regimental command.[67] He remained an active reservist until the early 1940s.[68] Truman volunteered for active military service during World War II, but was not accepted, partly because of age, and partly because President Franklin D. Roosevelt desired senators and congressmen who belonged to the military reserves to support the war effort by remaining in Congress, or by ending their active duty service and resuming their congressional seats.[69] He was an inactive reservist from the early 1940s until retiring as a colonel in the then redesignated U.S. Army Reserve on January 20, 1953

The post WWII period under Averell Harriman Truman signed into law becomes the CIA monster the Bush family will rise under and take control of.

It is a Devil’s Chessboard run by elites as David Talbot put it. I also think Crypto done by Great Britain was the part Truman wanted most – insights into the world from its decripted messages and that was an English epicenter.

Did Eisenhower and Nixon turn foreign policy “coordination” in secret to the Council on Foreign Relations, Trilateral Commission, Bilderbergers, and others, indebting and indenturing the USA capabilities into old money Europe and colonialism and use the mechanisms of the NSC to do that and did JFK reject that?

The use of the National Security Council as think tank not beholden to the US Congress that worked too independently with the CIA and US DOD created by national security legislation and treaties setup the military industrial complex run by the NSC under the Vice President per the new laws signed by Truman who was luke warm to the apparatus.

Further; did Allen Dulles and Indonesia plans include regaining Indonesia and did this go too far and use Barrack Obama as a sleeper, not “activated” for Indonesia but still a CIA sleeper who became US Senator and US PResident? I tnhink this and ATSUGI and the Kennedy assasition the DOnegans are tied to overlap with this.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt[a] (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), commonly known by his initials FDR, was an American politician and statesman who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. He was a member of the Democratic Party and is the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms in office. During his third and fourth terms, he was preoccupied with World War II. – Wikipedia

Democrat Party Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the 33rd president of the United States, serving from 1945 to 1953. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as a United States senator from Missouri from 1935 to 1945 and briefly as the 34th vice president in 1945 under Franklin D. Roosevelt. Assuming the presidency after Roosevelt’s death, Truman implemented the Marshall Plan in the wake of World War II to rebuild the economy of Western Europe and established both the Truman Doctrine and NATO to contain the expansion of Soviet communism. He proposed numerous liberal domestic reforms, but few were enacted by the conservative coalition that dominated the Congress.

Democrat Party Alben William Barkley November 24, 1877 – April 30, 1956) was an American lawyer and politician from Kentucky who served as the 35th vice president of the United States from 1949 to 1953. Successor Richard Nixon (Republican) under President Eisenhower (Republican)

Part of my (Edward Paul Donegan) theory core is that in 1949 as the Marshall Plan was being created and organized in legislation in the USA and in Paris among the WWII allies is that President Truman who succeeded FDR after WWII and PRECEDED Eisenhower Nixon who took office in 1953 was the one who really planned ATSUGI base and Licavoli Ranch that began in 1951 though from 1946 to 1953 Nixon then a us Representative was working with PsyOps and others in Los Angeles as CIA. Following the assassination of the JFK Truman stated he was sorry the CIA he signed into law had so exceeded its bounds. Over Indonesia and British Colonialism rather than more focus on the USSR itself?

Again I assert in the close of WWII it was the plan to support regaining the lost colonies England and Japan held but gained independence during WWII. Among the nations the CIA foreword base of ATSUGI was to take on was Asia area, Tokyo itself from any aggression, the Soviet Union, Guatemala, and Indonesia. Those could be the where else.

The “X Article” is an article, formally titled “The Sources of Soviet Conduct”, written by George F. Kennan and published under the pseudonym “X” in the July 1947 issue of Foreign Affairs magazine. It widely introduced the term “containment” and advocated for its strategic use against the Soviet Union. It expanded on ideas expressed by Kennan in a confidential February 1946 telegram, formally identified by Kennan’s State Department number, “511”, but informally dubbed the “long telegram” for its size.

After hearing Kennan speak about Soviet foreign relations at the Council on Foreign Relations in January 1947, international banker R. Gordon Wasson suggested that he share his views in an article for Foreign Affairs. Kennan revised a piece he had submitted to Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal in late-January 1947, but his role in government precluded him from publishing under his name.

His superiors granted him approval to publish the piece provided it was released anonymously; Foreign Affairs attributed the article only to “X”. Expressing similar sentiments to that of the long telegram, the piece was strong in its anti-communism, introducing and outlining a basic theory of containment. The article was widely read; though it does not mention the Truman Doctrine, having mostly been written before Truman’s speech, it quickly became seen as an expression of the doctrine’s policy.

Retrospective commentators dispute the impact of the article; Henry Kissinger referred to it as “the diplomatic doctrine of the era”,[5] while some historians write that its impact in shaping governmental policy has been overstated.

Robert Gordon Wasson (September 22, 1898 – December 23, 1986) was an American author, ethnomycologist, and a Vice President for Public Relations at J.P. Morgan & Co.

In the course of work funded by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA),[5] Wasson made contributions to the fields of ethnobotany, botany, and anthropology.

Wasson began his banking career at Guaranty Trust Company in 1928, and moved to J.P. Morgan & Co. in 1934. That same year, he published a book[6] on the Hall Carbine Affair, in which he attempted to exonerate John Pierpont Morgan from guilt with respect to the incident, which had been viewed as an example of wartime profiteering. As early as 1937, Wasson had been attempting to influence historians Allan Nevins and Charles McLean Andrews regarding Morgan’s role in the affair; he used Nevins’ report[7] as a reference for his own book on the topic. The matter of Morgan’s responsibility for the Hall Carbine Incident remains controversial.

On 29 August 1949, the Soviet Union secretly conducted its first successful weapon test (First Lightning, based on the American “Fat Man” design) at the Semipalatinsk-21 in Kazakhstan.[1] Stalin alongside Soviet political officials and scientists were elated at the successful test.[11] A nuclear armed Soviet Union sent its rival Western neighbors, and particularly the United States into a state of unprecedented trepidation.[12] From 1949 onwards the Soviet Union manufactured and tested nuclear weapons on a large scale.: 840 [13] The nuclear capabilities these tests helped develop were crucial to projecting and maintaining its global status. In total, the Soviet Union conducted 715 nuclear weapon tests throughout the course of the Cold War. Furthermore, the nuclear capabilities of the Soviet Union escalated the Cold War with the United States to the possibility of nuclear war and ushered in the doctrine of mutually assured destruction.

The Nevada National Security Site (N2S2[1] or NNSS), known as the Nevada Test Site (NTS) until 2010,[2] is a United States Department of Energy (DOE) reservation located in southeastern Nye County, Nevada, about 65 miles (105 km) northwest of the city of Las Vegas. Formerly known as the Nevada Proving Grounds, the site was established in 1951 for the testing of nuclear devices. It covers approximately 1,360 square miles (3,500 km2) of desert and mountainous terrain. Nuclear weapons testing at the site began with a 1-kiloton (4.2 TJ) bomb dropped on Frenchman Flat on January 27, 1951. Over the subsequent four decades, over 1,000 nuclear explosions were detonated at the site.[3] Many of the iconic images of the nuclear era come from the site.

During the 1950s, the mushroom clouds from the 100 atmospheric tests were visible from almost 100 mi (160 km) away. The city of Las Vegas experienced noticeable seismic effects, and the mushroom clouds, which could be seen from the downtown hotels, became tourist attractions. Westerly winds routinely carried the fallout from above-ground nuclear testing directly through St. George, Utah and southern Utah. Increases in cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, thyroid cancer, breast cancer, melanoma, bone cancer, brain tumors, and gastrointestinal tract cancers, were reported from the mid-1950s onward. A further 828 nuclear tests were carried out underground

United States Objectives and Programs for National Security, better known as NSC 68, was a 66-page top secret National Security Council (NSC) policy paper drafted by the Department of State and Department of Defense and presented to President Harry S. Truman on 7 April 1950. It was one of the most important American policy statements of the Cold War. In the words of scholar Ernest R. May, NSC 68 “provided the blueprint for the militarization of the Cold War from 1950 to the collapse of the Soviet Union at the beginning of the 1990s.”

The report, designated NSC 68, was presented to President Truman on 7 April 1950, who passed it on to the NSC for further consideration on 12 April 1950.

NSC 68 drew some criticism from senior government officials who believed the Cold War was being escalated unnecessarily.

Conclusion This document is critical to understanding the Cold War with its effect on similar national security pronouncements such as President George W. Bush’s announcement of a “War on Terror” in September 2001 and the National Security Strategy document of 2002.

President Harry S. Truman, even after the Soviets became a nuclear power, sought to curb military spending. However, he did not reject the recommendations of NSC 68 out of hand, but instead requested more information i.e. asking for an estimate of the costs involved.

In the ensuing two months, little progress was made on the report. By June, Nitze had practically given up on it. But on 25 June 1950, North Korean forces crossed the 38th parallel north.[16] With the Korean War begun, NSC 68 took on new importance. As Acheson later remarked: “Korea… created the stimulus which made action.” wikipedia

Limit CIA Role To Intelligence by Harry S. Truman December 22, 1963 The Washington Post, page A11

I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment I think we have experienced are in part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role that it is being interpreted as a symbol of sinister and mysterious foreign intrigue—and a subject for cold war enemy propaganda.

With all the nonsense put out by Communist propaganda about “Yankee imperialism,” “exploitive capitalism,” “war-mongering,” “monopolists,” in their name-calling assault on the West, the last thing we needed was for the CIA to be seized upon as something akin to a subverting influence in the affairs of other people.

How ATSUGI and the CIA at ATSUGI Happened as a result of Containment following WWII


Indochina, the three countries of Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia formerly associated with France, first within its empire and later within the French Union. The term Indochina refers to the intermingling of Indian (British Colonial included) and Chinese influences in the culture of the region.

In 1931, Japan invaded and occupied Manchuria. Japan invaded other parts of China in 1937, precipitating the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945), a theater of World War II

China emerged victorious but war-ravaged and financially drained. The continued distrust between the Kuomintang (military arustiracy called Whites of White Gloves) and the Communists led to the resumption of civil war.

On 1 October 1949, Chinese Communist Party Chairman Mao Zedong formally proclaimed the People’s Republic of China in Tiananmen Square, Beijing. [In 1949 US Dept of Treasury employee Dorothy Wetzel will travel to Paris while working for E. Harriman and meet Howard Hunt in that Paris summit and they will maryIn 1950, the PRC captured Hainan from the Republic of China and annexed Tibet. However, remaining Kuomintang forces continued to wage an insurgency in western China throughout the 1950s. China and Japan although having early common Asian roots have long running war rivalreis that created a threat to Japan in during the years following WWII.

The Truman administration was unprepared for the invasion of North Korean into the Repuplic of Korean below the 3ith Parllel a line similar to the Berlin Wall. Korea was not included in the strategic Asian Defense Perimeter outlined by United States Secretary of State Dean Acheson. Military strategists were more concerned with the security of Europe against the Soviet Union than East Asia. At the same time, the administration was worried that a war in Korea could quickly escalate without American intervention. Said diplomat John Foster Dulles in a cable: “To sit by while Korea is overrun by unprovoked armed attack would start a disastrous chain of events leading most probably to world war.”

United States’ response (July–August 1950) A group of soldiers readying a large gun in some brush A U.S. howitzer position near the Kum River, 15 July Man of the Year, the American soldier on Time magazine cover, 1951 As soon as word of the attack was received, Acheson informed President Truman that the North Koreans had invaded South Korea. Truman and Acheson discussed a U.S. invasion response and agreed that the U.S. was obligated to act, comparing the North Korean invasion with Adolf Hitler’s aggressions in the 1930s, with the conclusion being that the mistake of appeasement must not be repeated.[156] Several U.S. industries were mobilized to supply materials, labor, capital, production facilities, and other services necessary to support the military objectives of the Korean War.[157] Truman later explained that he believed fighting the invasion was essential to the U.S. goal of the global containment of communism as outlined in the National Security Council Report 68 (NSC 68) (declassified in 1975):

Communism was acting in Korea, just as Hitler, Mussolini and the Japanese had ten, fifteen, and twenty years earlier. I felt certain that if South Korea was allowed to fall, Communist leaders would be emboldened to override nations closer to our own shores. If the Communists were permitted to force their way into the Republic of Korea without opposition from the free world, no small nation would have the courage to resist threat and aggression by stronger Communist neighbors.

In August 1950, Truman and Acheson obtained the consent of Congress to appropriate $12 billion for military action in Korea, equivalent to $146 billion in 2022.

While there was initial hesitance by some in the U.S. government to get involved in the war, considerations about Japan played a part in the ultimate decision to engage on behalf of South Korea. Especially after the fall of China to the communists, U.S. experts on East Asia saw Japan as the critical counterweight to the Soviet Union and China in the region. While there was no U.S. policy dealing with South Korea directly as a national interest, its proximity to Japan increased the importance of South Korea. Said Kim: “The recognition that the security of Japan required a non-hostile Korea led directly to President Truman’s decision to intervene … The essential point … is that the American response to the North Korean attack stemmed from considerations of U.S. policy toward Japan.”


In the later 1940’s the issue of defending Japan as a Western national ally and resources created expense and military planning complications. The use of Japan as a base for Asian operations was among the reason this isalnd and the Pafic Ocean was important to post WWII Western Allies, getting at the doorstep of Asia from a friendly held base.

Soviet Union

Published Dec. 18, 2014 By Dr. John Treiber 374th Airlift Wing History Office

YOKOTA AIR BASE, Japan — The Cold War is an amorphous event that historians date variously as having started at the end of WWII, from the president’s [President Truman’s] articulation of the policy of “containment” in 1947, during the Berlin Airlift in 1948-49, or myriad other turning points in that epic struggle between the United States and the Soviet Union.

The Korean War should probably be lumped into the Cold War as well, though when examining Yokota’s history it is worth analyzing Korea as a distinct event. At the other end of the spectrum the Cold War concluded in 1991 with the opening of the Berlin Wall, but at Yokota the Vietnam War was so dominant that it marked an end, or at least a pause in typical Cold War activities.

Therefore, this article shall periodize Yokota’s Cold War era as the thirteen years between 1952 (about half-way through the Korean War) through 1964 when the Vietnam War was ramping up.

The variety of missions and aircraft that called the base home during this timeframe is almost overwhelming, and for those stationed at Yokota during the 1950s and into the mid-1960s the ever-looming threat of a conventional or nuclear attack was very real.

After all, Russia — at that time the Soviet Union — is Japan’s closest neighbor, and combined with the establishment of communist China in 1949 and the aggression of North Korean toward South Korea in 1950 showed that Japan was surrounded by hostile states.

As a result during the 1950s and into the early 1960s, before the Japan Air Self Defense Force (JASDF) was fully operational, the US Air Force provided for Japan’s air defense with various types of fighter jets and early warning radar systems.

As we learned in the previous article fighters from the 35th Fighter-Interceptor Wing (35 FIW) were stationed at Yokota for about three months prior to the Korean War, only to be rapidly replaced by heavy bombers for the duration of that conflict.

For a little over a year following the Korean War armistice Yokota remained almost exclusively a B-29 base. However, in August 1954 the mission changed radically with the return of the 35 FIW and three fighter squadrons.

Now flying North American F-86D “Sabres,” [Jim Donegan]these squadrons were part of a larger defense network with operations out of Air Force bases from Hokkaido in the north to Kyushu in the west. 35 FIW remained at Yokota until 1 October 1957 when it was inactivated.

The air defense mission was scaled back but continued under the 40th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron “Red Devils” that upgraded to F-102 Delta Daggers in 1960, and the unit was a mainstay at Yokota until 1965 when that mission was fully handed off to JASDF.

Perhaps symbolic of Yokota and the F-102’s place in the Cold War, Japanese filmmakers from Toho Movie Corporation came to the base in April 1961 and filmed the jets for the monster movie Mothra. The final cut the movie only showed footage of JASDF F-86s, but it is important to note that the F-102s were originally going to play a large effort in the battle against Mothra as it devastated Tokyo.

Air defense was just one piece of the Cold War puzzle at Yokota. Along with the fighters in 1954 came the 6007th Composite Reconnaissance Group which flew RB-57A Canberras into Soviet and Chinese airspace on highly sensitive photographic missions.

This kind of important work continued at Yokota well into the 1960s under the 67th Tactical Recon Wing and other organizations, the story of which can found in the excellent history Asia from Above.

Perhaps most significantly, the Strategic Air Command or SAC — America’s dominant symbol of the Cold War — made its appearance at the base in the mid-1950s when it established Detachment 1 of the 3rd Air Division to handle B-50, B-36, B-47, and B-52 bomber deployments to Yokota.


Juan Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán was a Guatemalan military officer and politician who served as the 25th President of Guatemala. He was Minister of National Defense from 1944 to 1950, and the second democratically elected President of Guatemala, from 1951 to 1954. Wikipedia


The unconditional surrender of Japan on August 15th, 1945 was eagerly received by the radical and politicised pemuda (Indonesian for ‘male youth’) groups. They pressured Sukarno and Hatta to proclaim Indonesian independence on 17 August 1945, two days later. The following day, the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI) elected Sukarno as President, and Hatta as Vice-president. Counter-Revolutionary Efforts – The Dutch accused Sukarno and Hatta of collaborating with the Japanese, and denounced the Republic as a creation of Japanese fascism.[24] The Dutch East Indies administration had just received a ten million dollar loan from the United States to finance its return to Indonesia

The British subsequently decided to evacuate the 10,000 Indo-Europeans and European internees in the volatile Central Java interior. British detachments sent to the towns of Ambarawa and Magelang encountered strong Republican resistance and used air attacks against the Indonesians. Sukarno arranged a ceasefire on 2 November, but by late November fighting had resumed and the British withdrew to the coast (refer Battle of Ambarawa)

The Indonesian National Revolution,[nb 1] also known as the Indonesian War of Independence, was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia. It took place between Indonesia’s declaration of independence in 1945 and the Netherlands’ transfer of sovereignty over the Dutch East Indies to the Republic of the United States of Indonesia at the end of 1949.

It may depend on where else elsewhere was then.

Whatever Truman thought in 1947 or 1963 about CIA’s “original assignment,” it now ought to be clear that the 1947 Act had a history that precluded the possibility of Truman being the sole and infallible expositor of what that assignment was. It should also be clear that history made the Agency’s functions far more numerous and sophisticated than simply funneling “raw” intelligence to the President. It should also be clear that throughout that history no one the least interested in the subject was excusably ignorant of espionage as a part of the Agency’s functions; and despite his disavowal of “peacetime cloak and dagger operations,” Truman, as we shall see, was probably not ignorant of the fact either.

Only two points made by Truman remain to be considered.

The first, “policymaking,” is easily disposed of; whether the Agency has or has not become such an “arm of the Government” is clearly beyond the scope of this article, but certainly no one is ever known to have held that such a function is part of the “original assignment.” [Following orders from Bidlerbergers, DuPonts, JP Morgan, etc?]

On the second, the “operational,” point, Truman is on good but not unassailable ground. The “assignment” did not explicitly include “covert operations.” (Presumably these at least are what Truman had reference to when he employed such ambiguous language as “operational” and “peacetime cloak and dagger operations.” The Agency was designed to be “operational,” that is, to perform various services and functions, such as the conduct of espionage.) However, no sooner did the international situation in 1947-52 virtually invite American covert operations in Greece, Italy, and elsewhere than President Truman’s administration, reading the really ding the 1947 Act and scrutinizing resources at hand, found the new CIA the most convenient instrument to use. In other words, Truman in 1947-52 seems to have accepted covert operations as an implicit part of CIA’s “original assignment.”

If by 1963 he had changed his mind — and there is some doubt as to whether he actually did — he seems not to have renounced covert operations per se but only their conduct by “his invention.” In that 1963 article, in a paragraph which is invariably overlooked, especially by critics of all covert operations, Truman — throwing syntax and punctuation to the winds — wrote this recommendation:

I, therefore, would like to see the CIA be restored to its original assignment as the intelligence arm of the President, and that whatever else it can properly perform in that special field — and that its operational duties be terminated or properly used elsewhere.

That last word “elsewhere” surely demonstrates that Truman was only slightly more helpful than the JIS civilians who in 1944 thought “subversive operations abroad” not the “appropriate function” of an intelligence service but failed to say to whom they were “appropriate.”

Truman at least positively assigned them “elsewhere.” Truman’s recommendation brings us back to espionage. That Truman knew CIA was intended to be a “spy agency” might be deducible from that elliptical reference to “whatever else it can properly perform in that special field.” Anything else could certainly have been expressed in a less obviously veiled manner.

While Truman apparently did not actually write that 1963 article, an exchange of correspondence with Admiral Souers48 shortly after its appearance demonstrates his familiarity with and endorsement of it.

About the same time — after the Bay of Pigs — he was privately telling Merle Miller that CIA was “a mistake,” which “if I’d known what was going to happen, I never would have done it. “

In mid 1951 Grace Ranch owned by Peter Licavoli liquidate the race horses used for Vegas track betting.

Gambling figures Ray Ryan and Peter Licavoli turn over a new leaf in 1951. Murder Inc., Vegas and Miami mafia is being bought-out by the CIA with Great Britain for CIA contractor work and the racing horses are liquidated. Bermuda (to the Sand) Dunes airport is opened by the CIA for Guatamala El Mirrado the Mirror

It is the era of Congressional Representative Richard Nixon, Los Angeles discharged from the Navy in Los Angeles 1946 a Lt Commander now going into Anti-Communist works and the Marshall Plan. He will not be sworn as VP to Eisenhower until early 1953. In 1954 deals with Bilderbergers, etc.,

This is all stored in the New William Cooper books series stored fron information input from myself and information I gained from others like St, John Hunt, Chauncey Holt, Wikipedia, and others.

Let me set the stage of Richard Bissle Jr. at Atsugi with some fiction and the CIA as Jedi adn a Thousand Years (M in Roman Numerals who is M of THe Corsican Republic

Attack of the Clones

PALPATINE This separatist movement has made it
difficult for the limited number of
Jedi Kights to maintain peace and
order in the galaxy.

Senator Amidala, the former Queen of
Naboo, is returning to Coruscant
to vote on the critical issue
of creating an army to assist the
overwhelmed Jedi.

I don’t know how much longer I can
hold off the vote, my friends.
More and more star systems are
joining the separatists.

If they do break away …

No! I will not let that happen!

But if they do, you must realise
there aren’t enough Jedi to
protect the Republic. We are
keepers of the peace, not soldiers.

THe Empire of Great Britain was cut to pieces during WWII and reforming itself was culturally fairly easy when the war was over but it was a different legal form, voluntary treaties.

Albert Eisenstein, Oppenheimer, and others valued Great Britain entering the war and with the USA turning the tide of victory. The Extant British Empire Nations contributed to fighting back Nazim.

In Post War France in 1949 and during the war earlier under Averell Harriman a world map was heing formed about shaping the nations of post WWII political systems.

On October 1, 1949, Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong declared the creation of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The announcement ended the costly full-scale civil war between the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and the Nationalist Party, or Kuomintang (KMT), which broke out immediately following World War II and had been preceded by on and off conflict between the two sides since the 1920’s.

In late 1951 King George VI was dying as the Empire already had. Yet The Queen Mother, Princess Elizabeth was about to become Queen Elizabeth II and General Jimmy Stewart (here Mr. Smith FLIES to Washington ) would fly the news-reels to the USA in a P-51 to celebrate the war’s outcome.

The International Workers are the theory of Communism and despite conflicts between the USSR and China a Red China was a real threat to Korea, Vietnam, Japan, the Pacific Islands including Hawii and Indonesia, and elsewhere.

in 1946 the CIA was created and a variety of global alliance building actt and treaties like the Mutudual Defense Treaty and National Security Act and Mutual Security act spring up just a year or two in advace of the Korean War starting in 1951.

Claude E. Shannon is considered by many[weasel words] to be the father of mathematical cryptography. Shannon worked for several years at Bell Labs, and during his time there, he produced an article entitled “A mathematical theory of cryptography”. This article was written in 1945 and eventually was published in the Bell System Technical Journal in 1949.[31] It is commonly accepted that this paper was the starting point for development of modern cryptography. Shannon was inspired during the war to address “[t]he problems of cryptography [because] secrecy systems furnish an interesting application of communication theory”. Shannon identified the two main goals of cryptography: secrecy and authenticity. His focus was on exploring secrecy and thirty-five years later, G.J. Simmons would address the issue of authenticity. Shannon wrote a further article entitled “A mathematical theory of communication” which highlights one of the most significant aspects of his work: cryptography’s transition from art to science. – WIkipedia

Lovett, Richard Bissle Jr. E. Howard Hunt, James Donegn F-86 pilot, Col Prouty and others arrived in Japan to begin CIA field operations against the already named countries. Asia, Tokyo, Soviet Union, Guatemala, Indonesia and under Nixon in 1958 the National Security Council will oversee all of these CIA operations and the Oil Business will sett to it the DO have an army and Lansdale and the US DOD will see to it too.

Over time Batista will fall in Cuba and the Guatemala operation using Chauncey Marvin Holt and Bermuda run out of Las Vegas and Tuscon ASrizono will become Operation Mongoose and the attack on Castro also in the Mediterranean through on the other side of the Caribbean the CIA through Phillip TWombly formerly of CocaCola will be just as involved.

These teams will hit JFK as he goes gains the global scheme and Obaa at 2 years old with Donegan participation is readied for Indosia that Dulles supports and JFK does not.

The Great Treason, Pillory, Ted Gunderson Bio X, Written By The Right Hand, Majic 12 and the Secret Government

James Paul Donegan and COl Prouty both pilots were part of photography recon of Hiroshima and Nagasaki might well monitory Soviet tests from within Japan

Soviet atomic bomb project retrieved from Wikipedia and copied or modified to here

After Stalin learned of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the USSR program was pursued aggressively and accelerated through effective intelligence gathering about the German nuclear weapon project and the American Manhattan Project.[9] The Soviet efforts also rounded up captured German scientists to join their program, and relied on knowledge passed by spies to Soviet intelligence agencies.

On 29 August 1949, the Soviet Union secretly conducted its first successful weapon test (First Lightning, based on the American “Fat Man” design) at the Semipalatinsk-21 in Kazakhstan.[1] Stalin alongside Soviet political officials and scientists were elated at the successful test.

A nuclear armed Soviet Union sent its rival Western neighbors, and particularly the United States into a state of unprecedented trepidation.[12] From 1949 onwards the Soviet Union manufactured and tested nuclear weapons on a large scale.

The nuclear capabilities these tests helped develop were crucial to projecting and maintaining its global status. In total, the Soviet Union conducted 715 nuclear weapon tests throughout the course of the Cold War. Furthermore, the nuclear capabilities of the Soviet Union escalated the Cold.

In This Post

The Secret Team: The CIA and Its Allies in Control of the United States and the World and his other book JFK : The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy

book cover image

book cover image

L. Fletcher Prouty on Kindle

L. Fletcher Prouty (1917–2001), a retired colonel of the U.S. Air Force, served as the chief of special operations for the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the Kennedy years. He was directly in charge of the global system designed to provide military support from within the military for the clandestine activities of the CIA. JFK was trying to move more activities of the CIA into direct military oversight augmenting control of the CIA through Bobby Kennedy Ag and “tzar” of activities. Prouty was the author of JFK: The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy and The Secret Team: The CIA and Its Allies.

He also wrote The Guns of Dallas, Indonesia 1958: Nixon, the CIA, and the Secret War that is an articel explaining how he was asked to provide military support for actions in Indonesia the CIA was conducting under direction of the NSC as led by V.P. Richard Nixon.

Chapter 8 of The Secret Team goes into the conditions of Post WWII and the atomic bomb (and experimental fighters and bombers elsewhere) as the sound barrier break, space race is born, and many other factors setup a powerful military industrial complex acting covertly in military activities.

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Various Book on the Hunt family and the Bush operation that killed Dorothy HUnt during Watergate

Saint John Hunt on Kindle

About the author
Saint John Hunt is an author, a musician, and the son of the infamous and legendary CIA covert operative and author, E. Howard Hunt. Saint John spent more than ten years searching for the truth about his father’s involvement in JFK’s death, resulting in his first book Bond Of Secrecy. In his next book, Dorothy, he explored his mother’s life as a CIA spy and her war with Nixon, which resulted in her murder. He lives in South Florida.

Saint John Hunt is an author, a musician, and the son of the infamous and legendary CIA covert operative and author, E. Howard Hunt. Saint John spent more than ten years searching for the truth about his father’s involvement in JFK’s death, resulting in his first book Bond Of Secrecy. …

Self-Portrait of a Scoundrel

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Holt, Chauncey On Kindle

Lee Harvey Oswald was the ultimate Patsy
just as he vehemently claimed to the press and the police after his capture.

The Siegel Lanksy Mob grew out of prohibition. The Great Lakes and closeness to Canada allowed for bootleggers to bring Canadian booze across the great lakes to Chicago and other Speak Easys. “The Bugs (Bugsy) and Meyer Mob was a Jewish-American street gang in Manhattan, New York City’s Lower East Side. It was formed and headed by mobsters Bugsy Siegel and Meyer Lansky during their teenage years shortly after the start of Prohibition. The Bugs and Meyer mob acted as a predecessor to Murder, Inc.” – Wikipedia

Bugsy Seigel left for Vegas and and Myers Lansky to Florida as they grew apart. In Vegas gambling was legal. I Cuba gambling was legal. Short flights to Cuba during Batista of the 1950’s allowed travelers Havana club life the Florida mob could offer up and use printed numbers cards inside Florida to work with Batista run lotteries.

Chauncey Holt was was the mob accountant to Meyers Lansky and could do the graphics and other work on altered books, etc., This mob was offered Havana back if they could help the CIA hit Castro. J. Edgar Hoover recruited and used them. Holt tells the story of being under Lanskey and how the orders reach him though he did not have the higher level knowledge of what was planned, did do things like print fake Secret Service IDs and Fair Play for Cuba fliers and work with Lee Harvey Oswald in the plan.

JFK vs. Allen Dulles: Battleground Indonesia

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Poulgrain, Greg On Kindle

For those interested in the assassination of JFK, the untold story of Indonesia, gold, JFK, Allen Dulles, the CIA, and secret military coups.

Two of the most fascinating figures in history, John F. Kennedy, thirty-fifth president of the United States, and Allen Dulles, our nation’s longest-serving CIA director, often clashed over intelligence issues and national security. However, one such conflict has remained in the shadows until now. JFK vs. Allen Dulles: Battleground Indonesia takes reader to the vast archipelago 3350 miles wide where this secret showdown occurred.

In 1936, an Allen Dulles-established company discovered the world’s largest gold deposit in remote Netherlands New Guinea. In 1962, President Kennedy intervened, and Netherlands New Guinea was added to President Sukarno’s Indonesia. Neither Sukarno nor JFK was aware of the gold, since Dulles had not informed Kennedy.

Dulles planned a complicated and ruthless CIA regime-change strategy to seize control not only of Indonesia itself, but also of its vast resources, including the gold. This strategy included a push to start Malaysian Confrontation. Yet Kennedy’s plan to visit Jakarta in early 1964 would have sunk Dulles’ master plan, which included the destruction of the Indonesian communist party as a wedge to split Moscow and Beijing. Only an assassin’s bullet put an end to Kennedy’s plan of peace. Did Allen Dulles arrange for JFK to be killed to save his plan and his gold? Was his coup for gold successful with JFK out of the picture?

Using archival records as a basis, Greg Poulgrain adds word-of-mouth evidence from those people who were directly involved—such as Dean Rusk and others who worked with President Kennedy and Allen Dulles at the time; or the person who was with Michael Rockefeller when he mysteriously disappeared in West New Guinea during this whole affair.

Treasonous Cabal: A Primer on the Violent Overthrow of John F. Kennedy and His Presidency

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Jones, Barry On Kindle

As assassinations go, the JFK assassination was unique for at LEAST a few reasons. First, the very nature of the crime was astonishingly brutal…and visible. Second, an alarming number of key assassination witnesses died violent…and unexplained deaths. Third, the subsequent investigations created more questions than answers. This book is an attempt to answer three of those questions. Why was President Kennedy killed? Who benefited? And who had the power to cover it up?

As Dwight Eisenhower’s Vice President, Nixon was fully involved in a covert CIA plan to assassinate Fidel Castro. What made this operation a stick of political (and legal) dynamite was the involvement of Sam Giancana and his crime syndicate. The federal government and the mob were partners! Giancana described the arrangement as the CIA and Cosa Nostra being “two heads of the same coin.”

President Johnson later characterized the relationship as a reincarnation of the 1940’s-era hit squad, “Murder, Inc.” It began in August 1960 when the CIA recruited ex-FBI agent Robert Maheu to approach mobster Johnny Roselli and pass himself off as a representative of international corporations that wanted Castro killed because of their lost business enterprises in Cuba.

After the successful meeting, Roselli introduced Maheu to “Sam Gold” — Sam Giancana — during which a deal was struck to work together. Later, The Agency gave the Chicago outfit six poison pills. The plan was to have someone put them in Castro’s food. Naturally, Vice President Nixon was rooting for this plan to succeed before the 1960 election so the Republicans could claim credit for having rid the world of the Castro scourge.

[After the Bay of Pigs and still connected to the CIA cabal the CIA will use Murder Inc. (Meyers Lansky, Charles Harrelson, others, Peter Licaovoli, Chauncey Holt partially aware only of his role, to it JFK. -edp relying on Holt.]

The Men Who Killed Kennedy

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by Nigel Turner and GG Communications – The History Channel (online as video)

The How and the Scope of the Cover-ups

“Starring: Hilary Minster , Robert J. Groden , L. Fletcher Prouty , et al.
Directed by: The History Channel”

The Men Who Killed Kennedy is a video documentary series by British television network ITV that depicts the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. Originally broadcast in 1988 in two parts (with a subsequent studio discussion), it was rebroadcast in 1991 re-edited to three parts with additional material, and a fourth episode added in 1995. The addition of three further episodes in 2003 caused great controversy, particularly in the final episode implicating Lyndon B. Johnson and the withdrawal of these additional episodes.

A detailed examination of the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, with emphasis on the discrepancies and inconsistencies in the government’s official version of events.

Forgive My Grief Vol 4


Penn Jones JR

American journalist, the editor of the Midlothian Mirror and author.

He was also one of the earliest John F. Kennedy alternative assassination theory proponents.

‘Forgive My Grief’ Volume I was published by Penn Jones Jr. way back in 1966, a year which saw the publications of ‘Rush to Judgment’ by Mark Lane, Epstein’s ‘Inquest’, Weisberg’s ‘Whitewash II’ and Popkin’s ‘Second Oswald’. The Lane, Epstein, Weisberg and Popkin books have been on my shelf for quite a while, but the Jones volume has been omitted owing to the high cost and it’s rarity. The cover shows that back in the day this sold for $2.95.

Fortunately a copy was available to me via a co-member of Dealey Plaza U.K. The books value to me is more from the rarity value than the content.
Jones has published selected transcripts from the Warren Commission volumes for his critical review of that report, and the vast majority of the text is taken directly from Earl Warren’s fairytales. Pete daPixie
1,505 Goodreads reviews

The Unauthorized Bush Biography and Treason in America from Aaron Burr to Averell Harriman

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by Anton Chaitkin and Webster Tarpley

The Motive for hitting JFK

Some assert the Saudi government is not consistent with the US system. It is. Understanding Bandar Bush the Saudi royal friend of the Bush family so close to the Bush’s that he is a called Bush is part of that. The British system of installing repressive puppets who will allow access to natural resources (or base locations) to the West is how it is done. What is the average income in Indonesia that we have ruled with puppet governmnents after Sukarno was overthrown or the income in Bannana Republlics setup by United Fruit Company?

The George Walker Bush family come from big defense backed and even funded companies like that were closely connected to the CIA. Like United Fruit Company, Zapata Petroleum followed in the tradition of East India Tea Company helping overthrows of independent of communist nations and George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography
by Webster Griffin Tarpley (Author), Anton Chaitkin (Author)

Treason in America from Aaron Burr to Averell Harriman
The Oligarchy that usurped power in the USA, against America’s revolutionary heritage, that has now destroyed the economy: What is it? Anton Chaitkin’s Treason in America is the original, authoritative inquiry into this criminal apparatus, the British Empire and its arms in Wall Street, Boston and the South.

George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography This is the groundbreaking classic expose of the Bush family, cited by all that followed it, yet still unmatched. Exhaustively documented by intensive search of dozens of archives and months of interviews with government insiders, this biography digs up all the dirt – frightening, gory, hilarious – on the Bush dynasty: how the Bushes made their fortune building up Hitler and the Nazi war machine; Iran-Contra; Zapata’s Watergate burglars; the Reagan shooting; the ‘war hero’ story; the secret government; ‘Eugenic’ population reduction plans; Kissinger, China, and genocide in the Third World; Luring Iraq to attack Kuwait; The Bush Leveraged Buyout Mob, theft of a nation; Jupiter Island, Skull and Bones, and other power bases. Essential reading as long as this Anglo-American oligarchy directs American politics, the “Unauthorized Biography” is a vivid X-ray of the presidential dynasty, and the private forces dominating both major political parties.

The British model was to cripple satellite countries with imposed poverty keeping them from rising to be a threat and that was done to Republic of Ireland. Guess what JFK thought about all of this. Companies run by the aristocrat powers of WWI America Robber Barrons like Averell Harriman and Rockefeller;s, Dupont (Franklin D Roosevelt’s one time wife Ethel DuPont,) J.P. Morgan were funded by Great Britain and USA with huge returns on investment (if any) that these private individuals put up DuPont large contract suppliers to the military, atomic research contracts, gun powder, etc., War Industries Board at end of WWI decided to create a military subservient set of big businesses that would be ready for Pentagon orders rather than be unable to fill them. The sponsored companies were also CIA allies around the world with Washington and London loyalties. Key players in Subversion and Overthrow operations.

Profile in Courage

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Chapdelaine Sr., Perry On Kindle

Written in 1955 by the then junior senator from the state of Massachusetts, John F. Kennedy’s Profiles in Courage was ghost written by Ted Sorenson to represent the thinking and beliefs of the Kennedy family who had boycotted a British events in the US Congress. In 1991 Kennedy boycotted a speech to the U.S. Congress by the United Kingdom’s Queen Elizabeth II “in protest to the British occupation in Northern Ireland” Growing up on Boston and Irish Catholics from the Republic of Ireland (Wexford) resentment against the British abuses of colonies was deeply ingrained morally and geopolitical in these Catholics as the Troubles have dominated the Emerald Isle’s history since William of Orange. The book with a forward by Robert F. Kennedy served as a clarion call to every American against global oppression. The inspiring true accounts of eight unsung heroic acts by American patriots at different junctures in our nation’s history, Kennedy’s book became required reading, an instant classic, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. Now, a half-century later, it remains a moving, powerful, and relevant testament to the indomitable national spirit and an unparalleled celebration of that most noble of human virtues.

Ed Donegan asserts that Gregg Poulgrain is correct, the attempts to control Indonesia and rob it its gold was the dispute JFK was ultimately assassinated over, resisting even Joseph Kennedy Sr’s ties to Britain (As Robert F. Kennedy resisted FBI tolerance and closeness with Organized Crime that help in overthrow activity becoming contracts to the FBI and CIA). Further Ed Donegan (me) asserts during atomic testing under McCone (CIA Director and Atomic Energy Agency and Proving Grounds Nevada New Mexico, Tennessee. Donegan DNA was used in tests births since there are those around the world as bastard children to the Windsors the CIA hid, we show a gene that Windsors are trying to hide, and Barrack Obama like Ed Donegan is a bastard child descendant of this genetic line also under a hidden identity but does not have the gene. This likely converges through Glorian Donegan my mother who was born at the time of the Kings Speech the when the defect was publicly seen.

Rush To Judgment (August 1966)

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by Mark Lane (Author), Hugh Trevor-Roper (Introduction) Chauncey On Kindle and elsewhere

Robert Kennedy received information from the CIA Atsugi station that the CIA assasinated JFK. RFK immediately called the CIA and asked “Did you kill my brother? (Lisa Pease A Lie Too Big To Fail

Mark Lane was JFK’s New York campaign manager and an attorney. He felt Oswald was framed and requested to represent he Oswald wrongfull death.



Rush to Judgment is Mark Lane’s seminal work on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. This groundbreaking number one bestseller opened the eyes of the people of the United States to the possibility that their government was involved in a cover-up of monumental proportions. In his mesmerizing book Lane explores the Warren Report’s conclusion that Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone assassin despite overwhelming evidence to the contrary. Lane’s exhaustive investigation provides a roadmap to the body of evidence about the assassination. By interviewing witnesses throughout the country, comparing each of the Report’s conclusions with its own corresponding evidence, and searching through the 26 volumes of evidence the President’s Commission collected and thousands of documents found only in the National Archive in Washington, DC., Lane truthfully investigates the assassination. Meticulously detailed, with over 4,000 citations, yet immensely compelling, Rush to Judgment set forth cataclysmic ripples through the fabric of our nation. This work, still unparalleled after nearly 50 years and scores of other explorations, is where it all began. No serious study of this event is complete without it.

While the CIA influenced news media bought the story of Oswald as the shooter and mocked conspiracy theorist Mark Lane and Pen Jones gave speeches at colleges and universities to wild applaue after the two had followed in the footsteps of the FBI and found out what the witnesses really said (and said again on camera as the two re-interviewed) them and showed the FBI investigation was wrong and not following the facts. Events like these that led to the rise of Robert F. Kennedy for President, departing his US Senate role. Mark Lane & Wesley Liebeler debating at UCLA 1/25/1967 https://

Did you know when they transposed the order of frames in the Zupruder film it changed the bullet that his hit head coming from the front into coming from the back?

An excellent book maybe still the best there is. Mark Lane who had some level of closeness to JKF is pictured on the cover with JFK. Like Penn Jones Jr Mark Lane, Jim Mars, and others see evidence right away that the official version was incorrect, shots came from the Grassy Knoll area and that is what the witnesses in the area were attesting to.

Since that book and other books like Penn Jones Jr book Forgive My Grief about the same time much has happened. Scientific techniques have been used to forensically analyze photographs and other evidence. Patters of deaths have occurred that lead to suspicion of an ongoing cover-up themselves raising questions. Death bed confessions have come out as have classified documents. Still he has a list of about 100 deaths then he considered suspicous and on details revealed since now seem homocides.

In recent months I have been working from the 2014 released book Self Portrait of a Scoundrel along with ST John Hunt E. Howard Hunt data and similar sources such as Lisa Pease and James DiEguenio books, other books and his now.

Since these early books were written technology has added a lot such as Web 2.0 with videos and speech to text on sites like YouTube that are searchable and indexed. Anita Ward’s book Rush To Conspiracy leads to a different conclusion but in the discussion an organization something like the Standard Model of physics of forming in understanding the layout of Dealy Plaza and the names of witnesses and available theories such that more and more of a common base of information reasonable minds can explore are getting more detailed and finely honed a picture of what really happened and the terminology like Grassy Knoll, pagodas, various rifle types, groups of people like Hobos or Tramps and the train yard, train tracks and Triple Underpass begin to become common understanding.

His book is still an important read, thorough read, and the lawyer (himself) who put it together and deposed witnesses himself exceed and contradicted the Warren Commission.

Mark Lane (February 24, 1927 – May 10, 2016) was an American attorney, New York state legislator, civil rights activist, and Vietnam war-crimes investigator. Sometimes referred to as a gadfly, Lane is best known as a leading researcher, author, and conspiracy theorist[5] on the assassination of United States President John F. Kennedy. From his 1966 number-one bestselling critique of the Warren Commission, Rush to Judgment,[6][better source needed] to Last Word: My Indictment of the CIA in the Murder of JFK, published in 2011, Lane wrote at least four major works on the JFK assassination and no fewer than ten books overall.

In December 1963, Lane traveled to Dallas to question Oswald’s family, and three days later suggested to Marguerite Oswald that she sue the city of Dallas for the death of her son. Lane said: “It would be an attempt to give Lee Oswald in death what he could not obtain life—a fair trial.” Marguerite Oswald announced on January 14 that she had hired Lane to represent her son before the Warren Commission. After Lane notified the commission that he had been retained by Marguerite Oswald to represent her deceased son, the Commission’s general counsel J. Lee Rankin replied: “The Commission does not believe that it would be useful or desirable to permit an attorney representing Lee Harvey Oswald to have access to the investigative materials within the possession of the Commission or to participate in any hearings to be conducted by the Commission.” Although Warren reversed that position with a statement released on February 25 that said Walter E. Craig, president of the American Bar Association, had been appointed by the Commission to represent the interests of Oswald, Lane remarked that he still considered himself to be Oswald’s counsel.

I Edward Paul Donegan believe I am representing deceased Ted Gundeson’s interest against the FBI and CIA and NSA and Lee Harvey Oswald and my own family too, myself included.

Limit CIA Role To Intelligence retrieved from and copied or modified to here

by Harry S. Truman December 22, 1963 The Washington Post, page A11


I think it has become necessary to take another look at the purpose and operations of our Central Intelligence Agency—CIA. At least, I would like to submit here the original reason why I thought it necessary to organize this Agency during my Administration, that I expected it to do and how it was to operate as an arm of the President.

I think it is fairly obvious that by and large a President’s performance in office is as effective as the information he has and the information he gets. That is to say, that assuming the President himself possesses a knowledge if our history, a sensitive understanding of our institutions, and an insight into the needs and aspirations of the people, he needs to have available to him the most accurate and up-to- the-minute information on what is going on everywhere in the world, and particularly of the trends and developments in all the danger spots in the contest between East and West. This is an immense task and requires a special kind of an intelligence facility.

Of course, every President has available to him all the information gathered by the many intelligence agencies already in existence. The departments of State, Defense, Commerce, Interior and others are constantly engaged in extensive information gathering and have done excellent work.

But their collective information reached the President all too frequently in conflicting conclusions. At times, the intelligence reports tended to be slanted to conform to established positions of a given department. This becomes confusing and what’s worse, such intelligence is of little use to a President in reaching the right decisions.

Therefore, I decided to set up a special organization charged with the collection of all intelligence reports from every available source, and to have those reports reach me as President without department “treatment” or interpretations.

I wanted and needed the information in its “natural raw” state and in as comprehensive a volume as it was practical for me to make full use of it. But the most important thing about this move was to guard against the chance of intelligence being used to influence or to lead the President into unwise decisions—and I thought it was necessary that the President do his own thinking and evaluating.

Since the responsibility for decision making was his—then he had to be sure that no information is kept from him for whatever reason at the discretion of any one department or agency, or that unpleasant facts be kept from him. There are always those who would want to shield a President from bad news or misjudgments to spare him from being “upset.”

For some time I have been disturbed by the way CIA has been diverted from its original assignment. It has become an operational and at times a policy-making arm of the Government. This has led to trouble and may have compounded our difficulties in several explosive areas.

I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment I think we have experienced are in part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role that it is being interpreted as a symbol of sinister and mysterious foreign intrigue—and a subject for cold war enemy propaganda.

With all the nonsense put out by Communist propaganda about “Yankee imperialism,” “exploitive capitalism,” “war-mongering,” “monopolists,” in their name-calling assault on the West, the last thing we needed was for the CIA to be seized upon as something akin to a subverting influence in the affairs of other people.

I well knew the first temporary director of the CIA, Adm. Souers, and the later permanent directors of the CIA, Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg and Allen Dulles. These were men of the highest character, patriotism and integrity—and I assume this is true of all those who continue in charge.

But there are now some searching questions that need to be answered. I, therefore, would like to see the CIA be restored to its original assignment as the intelligence arm of the President, and that whatever else it can properly perform in that special field—and that its operational duties be perminated or properly used elsewhere.

We have grown up as a nation, respected for our free institutions and for our ability to maintain a free and open society. There is something about the way the CIA has been functioning that is casting a shadow over our historic position and I feel that we need to correct it.

Copyright © 1963 by Harry S Truman Reprinted for Fair Use Only.

GCHQ started life during World War I as the Government Code & Cypher School {GC&CS). During WWII they established a major codebreaking operation at Bletchley Park (BP), which today is a museum. Immediately after the war, in 1946, it was renamed GCHQ and relocated to Eastcote.

In 1951, GCHQ moved to a new premises Cheltenham, where the organization is still located today.

But what does all this snooping around in the shadows actually achieve in the real world? Asked to provide details, the agency is understandably tight-lipped. They do, however, give the following examples: between 2018 and 2019 they helped foil 19 terrorist attacks, and prevented around £1.5 billion of tax evasion; they contributed to the arrest of sex offenders Matthew Falder and James Alexander; in 2018 they conducted a cyber campaign against ISIS, “hindering their ability to coordinate attacks, and protecting coalition forces on the battlefield”; in 2020 they exposed Russian attacks on the development of coronavirus vaccines.

Other crucial GCHQ work – as we discover when our tour starts with a briefing in the director’s meeting room – includes protecting British citizens, businesses and institutions from cyber attack, and defending the nation from the at times provocative governments of Russia, China, Iran and North Korea, for example.

The Doughnut comprises two concentric circular buildings, with a covered walkway in between known as The Street. It’s a design that allows employees to move around the building as rapidly as possible, the idea being that no one is ever more than five minutes’ brisk walk from another colleague’s desk.

Lining The Street are all the facilities employees might need – a Greggs, Costa Coffee, Starbucks, a convenience store, a staff canteen – ensuring they can remain inside the security ring for entire shifts. Also here is a small museum housing infamous security items such as the Enigma machine which helped the British decipher German codes at Bletchley Park during World War II; and the Zimmermann Telegram, which proposed a military alliance between Germany and Mexico during World War I, and hastened USA’s entry into the war after it was intercepted by the British.

The Zimmermann Telegram (or Zimmermann Note or Zimmermann Cable) was a secret diplomatic communication issued from the German Foreign Office in January 1917 that proposed a military alliance between the German Empire and Mexico if the United States entered World War I against Germany. With Germany’s aid, Mexico would recover Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico. The telegram was intercepted by British intelligence.

Revelation of the contents enraged Americans, especially after German State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Arthur Zimmermann publicly admitted on March 3 that the telegram was genuine. It helped to generate support for the American declaration of war on Germany in April 1917.

Paul says staff must agree to keep their identities very low profile. The few who have a social media presence, for example, might simply list themselves as “civil servants”. But since the agency is one of the largest single employers in Gloucestershire, locals often know if their neighbours work at the Doughnut. As another employee explains: “Where we work isn’t secret; what we do is.”

Nevertheless, it was only in 1982, when the then prime minister Margaret Thatcher first mentioned GCHQ in parliament, that the agency’s existence was officially acknowledged. Before then, the public impression of Britain’s spying agencies was left to fiction writers like Ian Fleming, Graham Greene and John Le Carré.

The decryption has been described as the most significant intelligence triumph for Britain during World War I[2] and it marked one of the earliest occasions on which a piece of signal intelligence influenced world events.

[Disney would work for the CIA lobbying for Great Britain and against the Nazis.

The Freemasons’ Hall is the oldest building in Cheltenham, other than the Ecclesiastical, still used for the purpose for which it was originally designed, and over 400 Freemasons now meet there, on a regular basis.

[Cheltenham’s Masonic Hall is also one of the first purpose built Freemasons’ Halls outside London.]

The Great Treason, Pillory, Ted Gunderson Bio X, Written By The Right Hand, Majic 12 and the Secret Government

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